Malaria - Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment


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In the early symptoms malaria can resemble the onset of flu, periods of chills and fever lasting several hours and occurring every few days. Respite can last from several days to several months. If not treated, the spleen and the liver become enlarged, anemia and jaundice develop. In severe cases delirium and unconsciousness may lead to death from general weakness, anemia, or clogging of the vessels of cerebral tissues by affected red blood cells. Cerebral malaria is mainly encountered in young children and pregnant women.

The disease is transmitted by mosquitos - they generally are most active in the evening, night and early morning, expecially if there is no wind. So avoid going outside at these times unless you are wear long sleeves and pants to cover exposed skin, use insect repellent and use mosquito nets over doors, windows and beds.

Various medicines help prevent infection but no no antimalarial prophylaxis is totally effective. Some are known to produce some very adverse reactions in certain individuals. Be particularly careful about taking Lariam. You should consult your doctor before taking any anti-malarial drugs.

People living in malarial areas often take no prophylactics and take medicines to cure malaria at the first onset of symptoms. Fansidar is commonly and fairly effectively used to get rid of the disease.

Further information: CDC, Encyclopedia.com


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